Pet Care Guide
- Mar 15, 2012
Why you must vaccinate your pet.
- Jan 31, 2012
The basics of dog nutrition and food.
- Jan 22, 2012
Groom your pets at home. See how.
- Feb 14, 2012
Pet First Aid.
- Why You Must Vaccinate Your Pet.
Active immunization is the introduction into the body of killed or satisfied microorganisms or their products for the purpose of stimulating the body’s defense mechanism. This concept is also applicable to other species like the dogs. Before, the area of veterinary medicine has not yet realized the potential benefits of vaccinations. Until recently, veterinary experts have formulated certain solutions so as to combat the alarming increase of death in digs, in which, most of the causes are viral infection. With the inception of vaccinations, many dogs were saved from probable death brought about by many diseases like leptospirosis, hepatitis, upper respiratory infections, and parvovirus.
Like humans, dogs need vaccinations too even at an early age. That is why it is important to immunize puppies so that they will survive until they are fully grown up. Basically, puppies get their immunity from their mother’s milk, the same as that of human beings. However, these immunities tend to lose its effects by the time the puppies are already 6 to 20 weeks old. So, it is during this time that they have to be immunized. Hence, in order to protect the puppies against infectious diseases, it is best to give them their shots and should be re-immunized after 3 to 4 weeks. In this way, the puppies will be able to endure any infectious disease that may come their way.
Rabies and Immunization
Rabies is an acute and almost invariably fatal disease communicated to man through the saliva of a rabid animal, usually dogs, foxes, squirrels, and bats. Dogs, fortunately, always present evidence of the disease before becoming infective. The etiologic agent is an ultramicroscopic virus present in the saliva and the central nervous system. The course of rabies in dogs is characterized by an incubation period of 20 to 30 days. This is followed by a period of excitement, when the animal becomes vicious. The excitement stage may be evident at all or may be entirely absent. Paralysis then develops, first involving the hind legs and thereafter becoming general. Death occurs within 10 days following the first symptom. Alternatively, the effects of rabies in human beings can be very fatal as it is with dogs. Hence, in order to avoid these problems, it is best to have your dogs vaccinated with anti-rabies shots. Consequently, rabies vaccines can be given during the 16th to the 26th week of the puppies. This requires a follow up shot one year after for total protection. On the other hand, dog owners should take note that not all vaccinations will generate adverse effects on their dogs. So, it is best to always observe your dogs every after vaccination. When certain reactions occur like vomiting, facial swelling, or trembling, it is best to discuss these matters immediately to your veterinarian. Moreover, certain precautions should also be made when the age of the dogs are taken into consideration. For some guides regarding this matter, here are some tips:
- The age of puppies It is best to consider the puppies age before subjecting them to their shots.
- For dogs that are 20 weeks old up to 2 years old
- For dogs that are older than 2 years
By this time, the dogs should have been through with their booster shots. What comes next is the annual revaccination. These kinds of vaccines are still recommended so as to lengthen their protection against certain diseases.
- The bottom line is that vaccinations are extremely important to your dog’s life.
For puppies that are 4 to 20 weeks old, their first shots should be given during their 6th to 8th weeks of age. The last shots shall be given on the 14th to 16th week of age. These date apply to all primary vaccines. For rabies, puppies should be 16 to 26 weeks old.
During this age, dogs should have received their booster shots already. This is essential so as to lengthen the immunity of the vaccines in the dog’s system. At this stage, additional vaccines are recommended for added protection such as vaccines against bordetella and other newer vaccines.
Like the way it functions in human beings, vaccines are needed in order to protect the dogs from imminent risk of acquiring diseases brought about by viruses. With dog vaccines, you can be assured that your dog will be at its peak of health for a longer period of time, free from any life-threatening diseases. Indeed, with vaccines every life is lengthened.
- Nutrition Basics::Necessary Nutrition
The math is simple: Right amount of nutrients across water, proteins, fats, carbs, minerals, and vitamins = Pet's good health.
Water helps regulate your pet's body temperature, keeps body tissues well hydrated, serves as the fluid vehicle for blood and lymph systems. Since water is so essential to every process in your pet's body, it has a self designed system to regulate water intake and consumption. A pet's need for water is reactionary to thirst, hunger, metabolism and the climate it lives in . Pets get their water from their bowl, food containing water and also water generated by the body once that food is digested. Water is excreted in urine, feces, perspiration, saliva and nasal secretions. A pet's need to consume water is dependent on the amount of food they consume and as a general rule of the thumb, it is wise to give your pet at least 4-5 liters of water a day. As your pet's food consumption increases, so does its ned for water. The pet will drink less water when the food is rich in water.
Protein is a very essential nutrient and helps with many internal functions. These include muscle, bone, tissue, tendon and hormone growth, it also helps repair tissue, transport enzymes carrying oxygen, increase immunity. Each type of protein has an exact mixture of amino acids that is specific to that protein, and the structure of amino acids determines the nature of a protein. Protein digested through food is broken down to create amino acids which are then absorbed into the blood. Since they are so critical to your pets health they must be provided in right measures. Dogs need about 25% of mixed protein and if is a dry substance about 30%. Puppies and dogs who are nursing need more protein. Exercising your pet, contrary to popular belief will not increase the protein necessities but increase the calories produced by burning body fat and carbs.
Pets, especially dogs require close to 20 minerals for healthy growth. Though required in small quantities, they are act as catalysts to hormones and enzymes that regulate the bodily processes. Some of these minerals include. Copper, Magnesium, Cobalt, Zinc and Seelenium. Magnesium is a major ingredients in bones and bone marrow. A mixed diet of animal food and good servings of vegetables will provide these minerals. The most important mineral for your pet however is Calcium. Similar to humans, Calcium is very essential to bone development and strengthening. Similarly phosphorous, iodine and iron are necessary to maintain healthy blood functions and viscosity. Calcium phosphate may be administered in the form of whole bones since this is the main mineral component. It is essential that pets receive these minerals in proportionate quantities to maintain your pets growth, gestation and nursing.
Vitamin A and Vitamin D are necessary for bone growth is easily found in most animal foods. The liver is a rich source of Vitamin A and facilitates the production of mucous internally to resist microscopic infections. Not to say the least, Vitamin A helps maintain vision. Vitamin D is required in small quantities and sufficient exposure to sunlight will help produce Vitamins D. Vitamin E is necessary to maintain healthy skin, fur and hair growth. It also helps keep nails and and claws healthy while also aiding in the development of the pets reproductive systems. Vitamin K is essential to help stop bleeding when the pet hurst itself. Its anti-hemorregenic properties help with blood clots. and are produced internally. Vitamin B, B12 are important for good digestion and respiration.
Fats and Carbohydrates and Fibers
Fats are very important to your pets nutrition as it is the essential component required to transport and absorb vitamins. A primary source of energy as well as storing energy, you may have noticed, how much pets love fat. Since Fats add a tasty flavor to food, it is a good its is easier to maintain a good intake of Fat. . Fats come from fatty acids that help absorb vitamins and help prevent arthiritis. Carbohydrates on the other hand are essential for supplying sugars such as glucose, sucrose and fructose to the body. Monosaccharides (disaccharides and polysaccharides) contained in starches and sugars are metabolized into glucose for energy. Glycogen found in whole grains, fruits and vegetables contain fiber taking longer to be metabolized but provide a steady stream of energy. Fibers are not counted as nutritional products but are essential for bowel movement and maintaining the stomach lining in herbivorous pets.
- Grooming Basics
Pet grooming is a pets basic need and an important part of owning a pet. Pets need physical maintenance to look and feel good. Luckily pets do not need to be bathed often but grooming regularly will help keep your pet looking fresh and beautiful. Depending on the pet and type of breed, there are different grooming styles and intervals. If your pet has a skin, ear or nail infection, follow your veterinarian’s advice regarding grooming and remember to purchase the right tools based on your vet's advice.
Brushing Your Pets Hair
Most pets enjoy being brushed, and grooming sessions usually help bond with your pet while also maintaining a healthy coat. Long-haired pets will require daily/thrice a week brushing to prevent matting and tangling of hair. Medium-haired pets also face troubles with matting and tangling and should be brushed at least once a week. Short-haired pets do not require frequent brushing and once a month is usually sufficient. Regardless of pets breed type, brushing during fur shedding season will help avoid hair build-up and excess shedding.
It is always best that you visit your vet a groomer to have your pets nails trimmed. Unlike human nails, pet nails have far reaching nerves, which if clipped will hurt your pet. If you choose to do it yourself, learn the basics from your vet and use tools that will help reduce risk of injury. Once such tool is the rotary nail trimmer. This tools reduces excess nail growth and does not involve cutting or filing.
Bathing you Pet
Dogs love water but not when its bath time. Coaxing your pet and by making bathing a pleasurable experience will reduce your struggle during bath time. Consult your vet and request a skin exam to determine what type of shampoo works the best for your pet. Depending on the season of the year you may have to choose between dandruff and hydrating shampoos to keep your pets fur healty. Also, remember to use the right water temperaure. Giving cold baths usually gives your pet a clod and a risk of pnemnia. Using a soap-free shampoo for pets is always recommended.
Caring for Ears
Pets cannot clean ears by themselves like humans can and pets have a higher risk of infection from fleas, ticks and bacteria. If your pet has been itching on its ear or shows signs of discomfort, visit your vet immediately and follow instructions. Floppy eared pets are the most prone to infections and cleaning your pets ears gently with a moist ear bud will eliminate the risk of infection. Some ear problems are genetic and ear canal infections are common in such pets. In some cases you may require special cleaning agents and anti allergens to keep your pets ear safe and clean.
Shaving and Haircuts
If your pet is miniature fancy breed or has a long mane, you may need to visit your groomer often to keep it good looking. Poodle and Shih Tzus' usually need a haircut every 3 months. You can give your pet a hair cut too using electric pet-safe razors. You may also choose to style your pets. Avoid using gels meant for humans since pet hair is different than human hair and it may react to gel adversely. Consult your vet on learning basics of hair cutting and grooming.
- Pet First Aid
In an emergency situation, always call your vet first. The following steps will help stabilize your pet till your pet can be examined by the vet. Bangalore pet clinic is a 24 hour clinic and we are here to help you in emergency situations. Ask you vet for a pet first-aid kit during your next visit. Print this page and keep it handy next to the first aid kit. Always seek veterinary help after the following first-aid attempts.
Bite Wounds and Bleeding
First call your vet. Most injured pets in pain go into shock and as a natural instinct attack anybody who approaches it. Approach your pet carefully and maintain a soft tone and call it gently to soften the tension. This will also bring your pet our of shock and help it understand that you ate there to help. to avoid getting bitten. To be safe put a muzzle over the pets mouth. Examine the wound to see how deep or if there are any broken bones. If there is dirt or particles in the wound, clean it with large amounts of sterile water or diluted hydrogen peroxide. Use tap regular water only if these are unavailable. Wear gloves when treating bite wounds to prevent risk of infection. Wrap the wound gently with a towel of soft cloth.
Pet is not breathing, Pet is Choking
First call your vet. Then, see if the animal is choking on any object stuck in its throat. If the pet is not breathing, place it on a firm surface with its left chest facing up. Listen for a heartbeat at the elbow and chest join. If you hear a heartbeat but your pet is not breathing, perform CPR by blowing into its nose repeatedly for about 12 times. Apply heart massage at the same time. Alternate heart massage with breathing. Note that even in the hands of a well-trained vet, the success of CPR on pets is low.
Call your veterinarian immediately. Pour a lot of cold running water on the burn area. Gently apply an ice pack for 15-20 minutes. Do not apply wet towels or cloth over the burn as it may rip the skin. Wrap the pack in a light towel or other cover. If your pet has dry chemicals like powders, do not apply water. Brush them off with a cloth
Diarrhea, Loose Motions, Blood in Diarrhea
Call your veterinary doctor immediately. Do not the feed until you visit the clinic but double its water intake and try to force feed water if the pet is weak.
If your pet is limping, whining or if you see swelling near the bones, it may be a fracture. Call your vet first. Muzzle the pet to avoid injury to self and examine the injury. If it appears that joints are dislodged, do not attempt to touch them. Instead, get a cardboard and cur a rectangle big enough to serve as a pad for the area. The idea is to construct a stretcher but just or the area of injury. Be careful when moving the pet.
If your pet is constantly vomiting, having convulsions, Foaming in the mouth, diarrhea, salivation, weakness, it may be a case of poisoning or infection. Immediately call your veterinarian. Do not induce vomiting. If your pet goes into seizure, place it on a blanket and wrap it around. Do not try to stop the seizure but count the intervals.
If your pet can’t walk use a board, blanket, or floor mat to transport your pet. Most of all be nice to the pet in such situations just as you would if a family member was involved.
Call us immediately in any emergency situation for immediate first aid or consultation.